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SCHOOL OF RECOVERY

Winch
Winch
Winch
SAFETY WARNINGS
When using a winch, safety precautions should always be followed to reduce the risk of personal injury and damage to the winch.
1- LEARN TO USE YOUR MILE MARKER WINCH:
a. After winch has been installed, take some time and practice using it so you will be familiar with ALL OPERATIONS. Periodically check the winch installation to ensure that all bolts are tight.
b. To ensure proper operation, carefully inspect for any damaged parts before operating the winch.
2- KEEP WINCHING AREA CLEAR: Do not allow people to remain in the area during winching operations. Do not step over a taut wire rope or allow anyone else to do so. Due to the possibility of cable failure, direct all personnel to stand clear of any possible pathway. A snapped cable could cause winch failure, injury or death. Keep proper footing and balance at all times. Do not reach over or across the winch and/or pulling cable while the winch is in operation.
3- INSPECT WIRE ROPE AND EQUIPMENT FREQUENTLY: The wire rope should be inspected for damage that could reduce it’s breaking strength. A frayed rope with broken strands should be replaced immediately. Always replace the rope with a rope that is rated to sustain any load that the winch is capable of pulling. Any substitute must be IDENTICAL in strength, quality, lay and stranding to the Mile Marker cable originally supplied.
4- WORKING AREA CONDITIONS: Keep the working area well lit. Do not use this winch in the presence of flammable gases or liquids.
5- KEEP CHILDREN AWAY: Keep children away from working area. Never let children operate the winch.
6- DRESS PROPERLY: Do not wear loose clothing or jewelry as they can be caught in moving parts. Protective, electrically non-conductive clothes and non-skid footwear is the only type of clothing you should be using when operating the winch. Wear restrictive hair covering to contain long hair.
7- USE LEATHER GLOVES: When handling or rewinding wire rope always use hand protection to eliminate the possibility of cuts caused by burrs & slivers from broken strands.
8- DRUM ROPE: Always make sure that there are at least 5 complete turns of rope left on the drum before winching.
9- KEEP HANDS AND FINGERS CLEAR OF WIRE ROPE AND HOOK WHEN OPERATING WINCH: Never put your finger through the hook when reeling in the last few feet. If your finger should become trapped in the hook or rope, you could lose your finger. Never guide a wire rope under tension onto the drum with your hand.
10- NEVER HOOK THE ROPE BACK ONTO ITSELF: Hooking the rope back onto itself creates an excessive strain that could break individual strands; this, in effect, weakens the entire wire rope.
11- KEEP PULLING DURATIONS AS SHORT AS POSSIBLE: The winch is designed for intermittent use and cannot be used in constant duty applications. Do not pull more than one minute at or near rated load. If the motor becomes too hot to touch, stop and let it cool off for a few minutes. If the motor stalls, cut off the power immediately.
12- DO NOT OVERLOAD: For your safety and efficient performance, always use this winch at or under its rated capacity for your safety and for better performance. Do not use inappropriate attachments in an attempt to exceed its rated capacity.
13- AVOID CONTINUOUS PULLS FROM EXTREME ANGLES: This will cause the rope to pile up at one end of the drum. When possible, please get the rope as straight as possible to the direction of the object.
14- NEVER OPERATE THE WINCH WITHOUT THE ROPE FAIRLEAD FITTED: Operator injury or winch damage can result if a fairlead is not installed.
15- STAY ALERT: Watch what you are doing. Use your common sense. Do not use this winch when you are tired, stressed or WHEN UNDER THE INFLUENCE OF DRUGS, ALCOHOL OR MEDICATION.
16- DISCONNECT REMOTE CONTROL: Unplug the winch’s remote control when not in use.
17- REPLACEMENT PARTS & ACCESSORIES: When servicing, use only identical replacement parts. Usage of any other parts will void the warranty. Approved accessories are available from your local distributor.


PRECAUTIONS
1- Keep hands and body away from Fairlead (cable intake slot) when operating.
2- Secure vehicle in position before using winch.
3- Do not exceed winch load weight capacity (see Winch Specifications).
4- Be certain winch is properly bolted to a structure (or vehicle) that can hold the winch load.
5- Always use proper couplings when connecting winch cable hook to load.
6- Do not lift items vertically. The winch was designed for horizontal use only.
7- Do not overload the winch (see Model Specifications). It will do the job better at the load it was intended.
8- Do not use inappropriate attachments to extend the length of the winch cable.
9- Never lift people or hoist loads over people.
10- Never come in between the winch and the load when operating.
11- Do not apply load to winch when cable is fully extended. Keep at least 5 full turns of cable on the drum.
12- After moving an item with the winch, secure the item. Do not rely on the winch to hold it for an extended period.
13- Examine winch before using. Components may be affected by exposure to everyday weathering, chemicals, salts, and rust.
14- When loading a boat into a trailer without reel or side hull rollers, make sure the trailer is submerged in the water when the boat is loaded by the winch. Attempting to drag the boat on to the trailer while on land can cause winch failure and possible injury.
15- Never operate winch if cable shows any signs of weakening, is knotted or kinked.
16- Do not cross over or under the cable while it is in process of loading.
17- Do not move vehicle with cable extended and attached to load to pull it. The cable could snap.
18- Apply blocks (such as a wheel choke) to vehicle when parked on an incline.
19- Re-spool cable properly.

WINCHING TIPS & TECHNIQUES
WINCHING TIPS AND USE OF A SNATCH BLOCK

• Use OEM tow hooks, recovery eyes or a clevis mount for attachment of a tow strap or winch cable. Warning: Never use a ball and /or ball mount as an anchor point for tow strap or winch cable. Severe personal injury or death could occur.
• Always heed all winch manufacturer’s recommendations, cautions, and warnings.
• Attach return cable to tow hook or recovery eye when using a snatch block. Always use a clevis to secure snatch block to strap, or severe damage could occur to persons and vehicle. (See Figure Below). Caution: Never attach return cable to winch mount. This may overload winch mount.
Figure 6 Using a Snatch Block

RATING

For maximum line pull rating, winch cable direction must not exceed:
1. 15º angle up or down from horizontal (See Figure Below).
2. 45º angle left or right from straight ahead (See Figure Below). Caution: Exceeding the maximum line pull rating may overload winch, winch mount, and/or front mounted.
Figure 7 Rating

SAFETY TIPS

•Never disengage clutch lever when there is a load on the winch. Mile Marker electric winches utilize an automatic load holding brake, therefore no adjustment to clutch is needed to maintain load.
•Store the remote control cord in a safe place when not in use to prevent use by children or other unauthorized persons who could injure themselves or others or damage the controls.
•Do not operate winch inder the influence of drugs, alcohol, or medications.
•Isolate winch before putting hands in or around the fairlead or wire rope drum (The Danger Zone).
•DO NOT OVERLOAD YOUR WINCH. Do not maintain power to the winch if the drum stops. Overloads can damage the vehicle, winch or winch rope and create unstable operating conditions.
•It is recommended to lay a heavy blanket or jacket over the rope about halfway along to the hook attachment. If a rope failure should occur, the weight of the cloth will act as a damper and help prevent the broken rope from whipping (See Figure Below). Remember to move the blanket or jacket as winching proceeds, but halt winching when doing so. Partially raising the hood of the vehicle will also give a measure of protection to its occupants from broken rope or cable, consistent with sufficient forward visibility for the operator.
Figure 8 Safety

SELF-RECOVERY

1. Always attempt to get the cable as straight as possible to the direction of the vehicle. It is acceptable to start a pull at an angle if it is obvious that the vehicle will turn towards the hook anchoring point. Turning the steering wheel will assist the process. It is recommended that the driver is in the vehicle.
2. Make sure hand brake and foot brake are free and that the transmission is in neutral.
3. When the driver’s attempt to regain vehicle traction is successful, he or she should be careful not to overrun the cable and risk the possibility of it being trapped under the vehicle.
4. DO NOT move your vehicle in reverse to assist the winch. The combination of the winch and vehicle pulling together could overload the cable and winch itself.

USE OF A PULLEY BLOCK OR SNATCH BLOCK

Vehicle self-recovery using the pulley block attached to the anchor point for direct pull. In this instance the vehicle becomes the “load” and the actual pulling power on the vehicle will be double at half winch rope speed. Never connect wire rope or hook back to winch mount!
Figure 9 Using a Pulley Block and Snatch Block
Below: Direct pull on load using the winch vehicles as the anchor with pulley block attached to the load.
The most important aid to successful winching (after the winch) is the pulley block, which can be used to increase the pulling power of the winch of for indirect pulls. Pulley blocks can be used in two modes. First mode is attached to the load and second is secured to an anchor point.
Figure 10 Using a Pulley Block and Snatch Block
Below: Indirect pull necessitated by obstructions or soft ground. Pulley block attached to load using a suitable anchor point.

Note the angled direction taken by the load and subsequent angle of rope feed-back on the winch drum (extreme example shown). There may be unavoidable circumstances requiring this mode, though in general it is not recommended unless applied in stages by moving the anchor point or vehicle to avoid the sharp angled rewind on the winch drum. The actual load pulling power and rope speed will depreciate with any increased angle between the ropes.
The anchor point, when used must be secure, using a tree, another vehicle or any firm structure to which a pulley block can be used to your advantage.
Figure 11 Using a Pulley Block and Snatch Block

USE OF A NYLON SLING AND SHACKLE

•A shackle should always be used when attaching winch hooks to nylon slings. NOTE: The shackle must pass through both eyes of the sling. The safe working load of the nylon sling is based on the use of both eye ends.
Never use the cable or hook to connect directly to the nylon sling.

USE OF GLOVES

•When handling or rewinding the cable always use gloves to eliminate the possibility of cuts caused by burrs and broken strands. Inspect cable and equipment frequently. The cable should be replaced immediately if any sign of burrs or broken strands are evident. A frayed cable with broken strands should be replaced immediately. Always replace the cable with a Mile Marker recommended replacement part. Any substitution must be IDENTICAL in strength, quality, lay and stranding. Never hook the cable back onto itself. Hooking the cable back onto itself creates an unacceptable strain, breaking individual strands which in turn weakens the entire cable. Use a sling. Avoid continuous pulls from extreme angles as this causes cable to pile up at one end of the drum.

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